Geomorphological processes act continuously to shape the Earth
into the landforms of mountains, hills, valleys, floodplains and
coastlines we see around us.
The United Kingdom and wider British Isles are the cradle of the
science of geology. Many periods of geological time were first
defined and named here.
A growing understanding of our geological past is being used to
help predict changes in our environment, offering insights into
climate change and how it will affect our lives.
Minerals and aggregates are a major economic resource. Many
cities use distinctive building stones, for example Portland Stone
was used extensively in London and other major cities.
Geology is the foundation of our environment. Our diverse
landscapes and the ways in which we use them are determined by the
variety of rocks, minerals, landforms and soils.
Many protected landscapes and much of the coast, such as Giant's
Causeway, are valued for tourism and have spectacular and